On Friday, Taiwan allowed island carrier cargo flights to and from the Chinese mainland, and will accept applications from mainland carriers to fly cargo charters.
Taiwan and China have been divided since a civil war in 1949. Regular direct flights had stopped following the division.
Carriers will now be able to ship equipment and components for mainland factories that were established by Taiwanese companies. Emergency medical flights in both directions will also be allowed.
This announcement builds on a June 14 agreement between Taiwan and China regarding cargo and the extension of passenger charter flights around major holidays.